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Why public Primary schools are desperate for specialised PE teachers March 20, 2011

Posted by Editor21C in Education Policy and Politics, Primary Education.
Tags: , ,

from Christina Curry

In her first post, Christina Curry emphasises the importance of physical education for childrens’ health and the difficulties that Primary school teachers often face in teaching this curriculum area. She argues that the provision of specialist PE teachers in these schools offers a solution to this problem.

In a society that is facing serious health issues, the importance of physical education (PE) in our Public primary schools is often neglected.

Children need the value of lifelong physical activity to be instilled in them from a young age. In some cases this is achieved through family, but more often it relies on the school to ensure PE is embedded in their lives and that the children’s experiences with PE are positive and worthwhile.

Physical education is mandated to make up 6-10% of curriculum time, but this time allocation is rarely met. Research has uncovered a range of barriers which impact on the amount and quality of PE and sporting programs within primary schools. These barriers exist mainly because the delivery of PE usually relies on classroom teachers, who already have many other pressures placed upon them.  With the introduction of the My School website, a heavy emphasis has been placed on improving numeracy and literacy, and this pressure will continue to intensify as teachers strive to meet the needs of the new National curriculum. With this mounting pressure, it is common for a lesser focus to be placed on PE. Researchers have found that Primary teachers often omit the mandatory PE hours from their week as a result of feeling pressured by the extent of the curriculum and their lack of experience and ability to teach the practical component of the PDHPE syllabus. A specialist PE teacher would be able to ensure that the importance of PE is not overwhelmed by these other emphases.

In a recent study of primary teachers, it was found that many were unable to fit in the mandatory hours across all subject areas, with most participants admitting that PE was the first to suffer (Morgan & Hansen, 2008:511). There is a range of other factors impacting on our teachers and include their lack of confidence to teach PE, a lack of time, poor facilities, inadequate resources and low levels of interest in PE in general. The limited sporting resources available in primary schools, coupled with the lack of expertise to develop and execute lessons, continue to be an ongoing concern. On average, primary teachers complete about 10 hours of PE training in their initial teacher training. Many teachers are relying on their own school experiences with PE and sport, hence their own teaching of PE is a reflection of their memories, both good and bad, rather than from the knowledge gained in professional pre-service training (Carney & Chedzoy, 1998; Morgan & Bourke, 2008). Specialised PE teachers complete four years of training to ensure they have the skills and knowledge to provide our children with quality PE.

Teachers have often struggled with the concepts of the traditional PE approach which is very skill based. The lack of confidence they feel in teaching skills and their feelings of inadequacy with their own physical prowess impact on their ability to provide quality teaching in this area. However, with the introduction of contemporary approaches to teaching in PE, such as Teaching Games for Understanding (TGfU) and Game Sense (GS), we now have an approach which is more enjoyable for both teachers and students and one that meets the standards of the quality teaching and learning framework. Specialised PE teachers are confident and passionate about PE and continue to stay informed of new trends as they only need to focus on this one speciality area.

When considering cost implications, a specialised PE teacher could be shared among 2-3 schools over the week, as one hour per week of PE is sufficient for each K-6 class.

It is imperative that our children are encouraged to participate in physical activity, and that these experiences lead to a lifelong involvement in physical activity.  Instilling positive experiences through physical education in primary schools would contribute to reducing many of the health issues currently faced in our society.

Surely we are justified in providing quality education in PE through the use of specialised PE teachers.

References:  Carney, C., & Chedzoy, S. (1998). Primary Student Teacher Prior Experiences and Their Relationship to Estimated Competence to Teach the National Curriculum for Physical Education. Sport, Education and Society, 3(1), 19 – 36.  Morgan, P. J., & Hansen, V. (2008). Classroom teachers’ perceptions of the impact of barriers to teaching physical education on the quality of physical education programs. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 79(4), 506 -16.  Morgan, P., & Bourke, S. (2008). Non-specialist teachers’ confidence to teach PE: the nature and influence of personal school experiences in PE. Physical Education & Sport Pedagogy, 13(1), 1 – 29.

Christina Curry is a Lecturer in Personal Development, Health and Physical Education (PDHPE) in the School of Education at the University of Western Sydney, Australia. She teaches and researches in PDHPE curriculum and pedagogy in both primary and secondary school settings.


1. Christine - March 22, 2011

I believe that it is incredible important to have specialised PDHPE teachers in primary school. I remember I did a prac lesson through my university and I was with a group of year 5 girls and not one of them knew how to throw a ball, one of the most basic skills, so it throughout my entire lesson plan. It is insane to think that these children are unable to throw a ball around and have fun and socialise all because their primary school teachers are failing them. Situations like this is just not on. PDHPE is a lifelong subject. We are the world’s fattest nation!! We NEED specialised PDHPE teachers in primary schools so we do not set out our children up with a life time of problems.
We need to start teaching our children from birth, not when they get into year 7. It is not fair for the children. Children are the future, thus specialised PDHPE teachers in primary schools is a must.

2. Andrew Bennie - March 22, 2011


Thank you for raising such a critical issue in this public forum. It’s certainly something that is worthy of debate amongst the various levels of Goverment given the serious health issues now prevalent in society as a result of physical inactivity. In addition to this, it would provide many employment opportunity for our PDHPE graduates who often end up teaching in other subject areas within high schools.

Mark Heiss - March 22, 2011

Well said Andrew.
Christina, your cause is noble and I fully support the idea of specialist PE teachers as role models in ALL forms of schooling.

3. David Lakisa - March 22, 2011


I too am a strong advocate for specialised PDHPE programs in primary schools. Some of my most fondest childhood memories are from the friendships developed and lifelong skills learnt in physical education during my primary school years. There is no better teaching and learning vehicle to assist the next generation with skills to combat prevalent issues such as obesity, bullying, peer pressure, depression and fundamental movement skills than through primary school PDHPE programs. Contemporary teaching methods such as Teaching Games for Understanding (TGfU) and Game Sense (GS) also create a solid foundation for upcoming teachers and their pedagogical approaches. As far as I am concerned,there is no greater investment in our future education than to cater towards our children’s social, emotional, physical, mental and environmental well being via specialised primary PE teachers.

4. Protocol Education - March 23, 2011

I enjoyed reading this post. Only today, we added a post by a PE Teacher, who writes about the conversion from Secondary teaching to Primary teaching. He highlights the importance of movement and physical activity from a young age.

Here’s the blog entry, as well as the teaching blog it is part of:



I hope this is of interest!

Protocol Education

5. Eric Mccarron - March 23, 2011

With standardised testing and de facto school league tables creating pressures on mainstream teachers, pulling us towards the literacy and numeracy subjects, physical education is being left on the sidelines more and more. While I agree there is a need for specialised PE teachers in light of the trends across primary education, as a mainstream primary teacher I personally would like to teach more PE a la TGFU and Game Sense, and don’t want my opportunity to teach PE to be completely outsourced. I would prefer to team teach with a PE specialist. Nonetheless, we need to claw back, if not claim more, the prominence that physical education truly deserves. Christina, you definitely have my support.

6. Kate - March 27, 2011

As a PDHPE university student I would immediately snap up the opportunity to teach PE within a primary school setting. Physical education is known to have physical, social, emotional, and psychological benefits; and may even assist in helping primary school students remain focussed on their other subjects. I believe that it would be a shame to have this opportunity wasted because primary school students deserve to participate in proper physical activity which will not only assist them throughout their schooling, but their whole life.

7. Berlinda Cook - March 28, 2011

I went to the local regional Catholic school in the suburb I grew up, Riverwood and in the late 70s and we had a specilaised PE teacher. I have very fond memories of being taught lots of skills, sports and particularly I remember the gymnastics lessons. Not many students at schools these days would have this opportunity and if they do it’s at an additional expence to the parents and community as the school generally outsorces these type of experiences, due to levels of staff competency, specialised equipment and health and safety regulations. I think that students and school would really value having specialist PE teachers. It has the potential to enrich students’ sport experiences and skills (identify students with particular, possibly hidden, talents or those requiring additional suppor) as well as students’ social, emotional wellbeing and overall health and attitudes to school life.

8. Karlene Hindmarsh - March 28, 2011

I strong ly agree with the point: “Teachers are relying on their own school experiences with PE and sport, hence their own teaching of PE is a reflection of their memories, both good and bad, rather than from the knowledge gained in professional pre-service training.”

9. Jed - March 28, 2011

Great Article and insight. Illuminating a problem that has been around for decades and despite all this talk has never been solved.

Along with all the problems like lack of confidence to teach PE, a lack of time, poor facilities, inadequate resources and low levels of interest in PE in general. We often forget the need for ENERGY to deliver these physically intensive PE lessons.
We’re providing this need and more, via a private provision in PE services as it was the only immediate solution we could immediately implement to address the dire needs for Physical Education in primary schools.
Much like Music and Art is taught in primary schools, PE will need to be outsourced to specialist organisations to be taught and learned adequately. Of course these providers will then need to be managed for compliance, quality and innovation.
At Got Game we do it all and more…sorry bout the plug, but we do and are proud of it 🙂

10. Christina Curry - March 28, 2011

Thank you everyone for taking the time to post such valuable comments. Unfortunately not all schools are in a position to pay for a specialised PE teacher from other funds or are able to outsource due to the cost to families. Schools should not be in a position where this is required in the first place! Hence, quality PE is limited or does not exist. This has been an ongoing issue and it needs to be addressed in line with the new PDHPE National curriculum.

11. Glynis Simons - March 28, 2011

As a PE trained teacher, I have been privileged to use my expertise at both primary and high school level in my country of birth. The value to all those students over the years cannot be measured. Having moved permanently into the primary system, I feel frustrated that my experience and knowledge have diminished. Students and colleagues have lost out. What a wasteful shame!

12. Kim - March 28, 2011

I strongly agree with the idea of specialised PDHPE teachers in primary schools. As a prospective PDHPE teacher, I would jump at the opportunity to teach my specialist subject full-time in primary schools. As we all know, Australia’s obesity epidemic is worsening. Rates of obesity have doubled within the last 20 years, and experts predict this will only worsen (VIC Government, 2010). I strongly agree that it is vitally important for primary students to have experts in the PDHPE area teaching them as our topics directly relate to their lives (nutrition, physical activity, development).

Jed - November 13, 2011

let us know if interested in joining the team.
we always consider those passionate about PE in primary schools to join The PE Revolution

13. jonny - March 29, 2011

I agree. Having currently working in after school care, children love playing around, however quite a few of them still rather sit down instead of playing cricket or soccer. This would be a great idea to have children having PDHPE classes, for the sheer enjoyment of the children playing and learning a whole range of skills which they can hopefully maintain as they grow older.

14. Mel - March 29, 2011

I’m currently in a postgraduate degree PDHPE, and i could not agree more with Christina. I am very passionate about the benefits of physical activity for our younger generations. Most children dont’ get the support to participate in after school sport programs as their parents are working longer hours and don’t have the time to run their children around. i support this 100% and hope by the time i have finised my degree i can join this life changing future.

Jed - November 13, 2011

let us know if interested in joining the team.
we always consider those passionate about PE in primary schools

15. Laura - March 29, 2011

A specialised PDHPE teacher for primary schools is an interesting concept and one that needs to be explored more. With the focus on obesity in young children, should be a greater emphasis on teaching PDHPE in primary schools – where children learn their life-long habits (ones that are more difficult to break as they mature). Whether it is speacialised teachers or more time allocated to the subject, would be a matter of trial and error and one that would be worthwhile pursuing. Why is it that high schools have specialised PDHPE teachers, but not primary schools?

16. Hailey Morrison - April 10, 2011

The very core of Christina’s proposal to have specialised PE teachers in primary schools is where I would like to end up one day and is exactly the reason why I am completing my PDHPE degree and Masters of Teaching (Primary) for. The concept of specialised PE teachers in primary schools is spot on with the needs of children of this generation and possibly the generations to come!
I hope it pulls through!
To teach children (especially at primary level) PE for an hour a week, in the classroom teacher’s RFF (Relief from Face to Face) time would be amazing! Taking each student in every class would give all the children a great practical experience and allow for the PE teacher to have a remarkable rapport with the entire school!

This is where I’d love to be at the end of my degree.

17. Jed - April 10, 2011

Wow…it’s great to see so much support and enthusiasm toward the primary PE industry and we wish likewise for it to change.
But the truth is, it hasn’t despite over 40 years of talking about the the need for dedicated PE teachers in primary schools. It won’t any time soon, because the National Curriculum lends its towards generalist teachers teaching the entire syllabus. And if PE specialist teachers are put in place, then you will have Music teachers, Art teachers, Drama teachers, Language teachers all beckoning the same accord…and that’s a logistical and financial burden the government wants to avoid, and has so for over 40 years.
BUT all is not lost…we’re changing the industry for the better and linking qualified PE teachers to primary pupils. So for ALL THOSE TEACHERS that are keen to work full time teaching HPE in primary schools…contact us at gotgame.com.au and together we will create The PE Revolution 🙂

18. Travis Mattern - November 21, 2011

As a future (male) primary school teacher with a love of PD/H/PE education i hope that this becomes common place in all primary schools. Primary schools often bring in specialist teachers for gymnastics, soccer or dance to meet PE requirements. This is because, as mentioned, they are not adequately trained to deliver a quality PD/H/PE program. However, this also extends to other KLA’s such as the arts. Basically, because we innately tend to teach what we ourselves enjoy to participate it. Which poses problems for primary school teachers who need to develop programs which cater for each of the KLA’s. Perhaps its time that the primary system has a revamp and more specialist teachers are used? e.g. arts, science, PD. Whilst the general teacher looks after math, English/literature and HSIE? Check out Ken Robinson’s video of creativity on youtube for a different perspective of the current education system.
Great article Mrs Curry from a former student (Blakehurst ’03).

Christina - February 9, 2012

Great to hear you are doing primary teaching Travis. I know that your classes will recieve some great PE lessons.

19. Karen - February 8, 2012

If generalist primary school teachers don’t feel confident teaching PDHPE – then doesn’t that signal a problem with the pre-service teacher education courses. These courses are supposed to train teachers to effectively deliver the 6 KLAs in the primary setting. I think that is where you need to take a look first. Also worth looking at some of the results from the NSW Get Skilled: Get Active project and the SPANS research that showed that generalist teachers who received PD in the teaching of FMS had a more significant impact on skill levels for their students than many specialist PE teachers in high schools. Specialist PE teachers is not the “cure-all” for obesity and all of the other health issues mentioned. Qld and SA have specialist teachers and there skill levels and activity levels are no better than NSW.

Jed - February 8, 2012

Well said Karen. If generalist teachers are obliged to teach the NSW PDHPE syllabus which includes very specialised teaching such as forward rolls and rhythmic movements, then they will always fail and have an excuse to avoid the topic.
We need to address the curriculum, which hopefully will take place when the HPE syllabus rolls out as part of the National curriculum.
Only then can we make PE more accessible to teachers, hence students. Because currently there is a general aversion to one of the 6 key learning areas – PDHPE, because it’s all too hard and demanding…and definitely outdated being published in 1999!

Christina - February 9, 2012

Thank you for taking the time to respond Karen. I believe most university programs endeavour to ensure pre-service primary teachers attain a functional level of knowledge and skill to teach physical education. However, pre-service input in PE during teacher education courses does not have the capacity to counter their previous experiences at school or their personal views about PE and the teaching of PE. Naturally pre-service teachers who undertake specialised PE courses over a four year period gain a broader skill set and often place a higher value on physical education and with this comes greater confidence to teach this subject.
I agree that professional development is paramount for teachers to further develop their skills but too often funding is limited and therefore what is available is more likely to be used to increase literacy and numeracy teaching skills. FMS are only a small area of physical education and with specialised PE teachers in primary schools these standards would be met and secondary teachers could focus on engaging students through a Game Sense approach and developing areas such as strategies and tactics.
If only there was a “cure-all”, but by ensuring all children participate in enjoyable and appropriate physical activity opportunities each week with a specialised PE teacher will contribute to healthier choices of behaviour which we hope they will take through their lives. I find it highly unlikely that skill and activity levels are not increased when students are committed to a specialised PE teacher each week as opposed to a generalist teacher who may not have the value or confidence to ensure mandatory hours are met.

Jed - February 9, 2012

Agreed Christina. However we can continue to upskill and develop specialist primary teachers year after year with the best university courses.
The problem is that once they graduate there just aren’t enough, or for that matter any full time PE positions available in primary schools.
And if legislation were to change and make it mandatory to have a PE teacher in all primary schools, then the argument will arise for the same accommodation for language teachers, art teachers, IT teachers etc.
It’s inevitable that PE will continue to be outsourced much like all specialist learning areas and institutions such as universities should start looking at alternative pathways for specialised and eager PE graduates to pursue lifelong careers teaching primary pupils about active lifestyles.

20. Christina - February 10, 2012

Good to hear from you again Jed. Prospects for our PE graduates are slim but this would create jobs for them. I still believe PE has the stronger argument for specialisation due to the fact that PE contributes to improved holistic health, thus improving life expectancy, decreasing morbitity and better quality of life for Australians. In the long term this would take some pressure of our health system. The primary years are vital for instilling good habits and values toward physical activity.

21. jharper - April 11, 2012

I agree that in schools where PE is lacking there needs to be something done. Teaching young children to value physical education is so important as it provides the foundation of their views of physical activity. With the proper tools provided to them at a young age, it can set them up for the rest of their lives. I feel that specialised PE teachers would be an excellent idea or perhaps these teachers could run annual workshops with the classroom teachers to provide them with the skills to teach the students themselves.

22. foisterarw - April 11, 2012

As a prospective primary school teacher I think it would be a great experience for students, and a great assistance for teachers to have specialised PDHPE teacher come into schools and classrooms to teach PE. I do think however that the class teacher should not give up all PE responsibilities. By introducing a possible ‘coaching/instructing/teaching’ scheme, the specialised PDHPE teacher could help the class teacher become more confident in their knowledge and abilities to teach PE independently. Rather than being influenced by their own memories and experiences (good or bad) of school PE, class teachers would be changing their opinions and beliefs about PE as to positively influence the opinions, beliefs, memories and experiences of their students.

23. Kerenza Rea - April 11, 2012

I think this article is so inspirational. It does not necessarily seem to be inspirational but I think it is… So often P.E is taken for granted. Often you can see that some teachers just don’t have the time, patience, or even the skills required to be a PE teacher. This article encourages me as a future teacher to be the best the I can be, so that my students have the best advantage in life that I can give them. This article also highlights for me that everyone is different and everyone has different strengths and weaknesses, and that though you may not be fit to be a PE teacher, your students are so important that they deserve a teacher who has the strengths and abilities to teach them. Therefore this article highlights for me that if I do not have the strengths to be a physical education teacher I should attempt to give the students the education they deserve through other sources, such as outsourcing PE teaching to specialised PE teachers.

24. Ebru - April 12, 2012

I agree we need more specialised PE teachers. There is a lack of specialised PE in primary schools. I have done voluntary work at a primar school and they did not do much of PE. It does not matter if a teacher is good at PE or not they should teach it to the students. After doing PE at university for a few weeks has encouraged me to teach children PE when i do become a qualified teacher.

25. Vimita Vikash - April 13, 2012

I completely agree with this article, Teachers often neglect PE not realizing the long term effect it has upon children. Most people do not have positive attitudes towards PE from school. It is all about creating the right attitude. Although it would be increasing costs , a specialty PE teacher will allow our children to value PE. After all, there values about physical education will be remembered for a life time by the students. Ultimately it is a very important way to challenge obesity in Australia.

26. Samantha Halteh - April 13, 2012

I strongly agree with this article as physical education is an important part of school education and there are many befits that kids can get from participating in physical education, however if it’s not taught correctly kids will not be able to get full benefits from it. Physical activity must be conducted correctly and safely in order to be effective and by possessing in depth knowledge of this allows specialist PE teachers to provide quality PE experiences for students. Being taught by pe teachers they will be taught correctly and more likely to be engaged. If kids are engaged in physical activity from a young age they are more likely to be active as they get older which will decrease the chances of many health issues including heart disease, obesity, cancer etc.

27. Omar Hawchar - April 13, 2012

I agree with you Samantha, an active lifestyle needs to be implemented for children at a young age to help minimise any health risks, and on top of that, there are so many social, economical, technological and environmental factors that affect children of the 21st century. This needs to be addressed because it is raising great concern. PE is not just about fitness. PE inclusion in primary schools teaches students how to use the body, learn tactical strategies of sport, teaching the fundamental movement skills, which provides confidence and competence to the young ones, it also teaches social, physical and mental skills. In addition, PE teachers can also provide better sporting opportunities than the general teachers. PE inclusion in primary school is vital and should be implemented within the primary curriculum.

28. Stathi Magoulias - April 14, 2012

I strongly agree with this article. I think it is so important that students in primary schools are able to participate in PE by a teacher that is qualified in that area. Children being overweight and obese has increased over the years and is known as being a problem area for the government. The best way to decrease this problem area is through providing proper and sufficient PE throughout schools so all children are able to benefit.
Omar, you said it perfectly, all the points you have raised are so important to students today and providing them with the knowledge to understand that from a young age, will benefit them long term.

29. Shamaila Khan - April 14, 2012

A very thoughtful article on the importance of specialised PE teachers. To educate children about healthy life style and to promote positive lifelong healthy attitudes, specialised PE teachers are the key. Specialised PE teachers play a crucial role, not only in developing sporting skills but also other areas such as growth and development, personal health choices, healthy peer relationship and many other areas that help children in their learning. I strongly support the idea of having more specialised PE teacher in our schools.

30. Zein Bilal - April 15, 2012

I strongly agree with this article. Having PE teachers in primary schools is very important. PE teachers will provide a better sporting environment than general teachers. It is incredibly important that lielong skills are taught to children at a young age. As Stathi mentioned, children being over weight and obese has increased over the years. This will increase to be a heavy burden on the government as children growing up to be overweight can lead to several health problems. I believe that the best way to tackle this issue is by implementing PE teaching positions in primary schools. This will not only help develop a healthier future, it will also provide more job opportunities for PDHPE graduates.

31. Filip Rafaneli - April 16, 2012

It is a worthy point that specialist PE teachers are needed within the primary schools. The evolution of the acronym of PE to PDHPE is testimony to the growing importance of the subject to students in terms of life skills. It is not simply about playing sport and activities; the subject is also about developing a child personally as an individual who can stand confidently on their own two feet, while also being confident in saying, ‘I need help’ sometimes and being able to rely on their peers to provide support without fear of ridicule. The curriculum is such a hard taskmaster in demanding the information which teachers need to be educating pupils with, that PE might be seen as a subject which can fall by the wayside while additional time in spent on additional numeracy and literacy objectives. A classic point made in the article is that non-PE specialists are teaching PE lessons. This may not be a bad thing, but the problem is that the quality of the teaching may not be reliable, given that many teachers had negative experiences of PE lessons which may mean they are far less enthusiastic than a specialised PE professional. PDHPE is too important a subject to be simply ticked off or ‘satisfied’ in terms of curriculum delivery. At a very young age, it is possible to develop in students a healthy desire to have fun outdoors, eat healthy and see exercise as a social experience which is far more fun than sitting indoors on their X-Box or PS3, or watching TV while sending a million text messages. PE teaches life skills and can be responsible for arresting the trend towards Australians losing their lives far too early to avoidable diseases such as diabetes, heart disease and STI’s. A PE teacher is the front line defense against simply a reactive government policy of attempting to treat unhealthy habits and for such an important role in society, primary schools, like secondary schools, need specialist PDHPE teachers.

32. joconnellarw - April 16, 2012

I too agree with this article. I remember as a child being bored and restless when cooped-up in the classroom, to the point I couldn’t stay focused on any given tasks. Even now at my age, I benefit more by going for a run before sitting down to do uni work. I think PDHPE is not only for children to learn life skills, but being able to burn energy will help them to stay focused in other subjects.

Having specialised PDHPE teachers introduced into our schools will automatically take the pressure off teachers who are not confident within this field, children can benefit from regular physical activity, also both children and grown-ups can learn first hand the importance AND benefits of having personal development, health and physical education.

33. Ross Bougoukas - April 16, 2012

I agree with this article. As there is a rising level of obesity amongst young children there is a greater need for physical education at a younger age. It is unfair and unrealistic for general primary school teachers to find the time to teach the content that is required as well as take their students out for some physical activity. This is where a specialist PE teacher can come in and assist general primary school teachers. Not only does the specialist PE teacher help the general primary teacher by taking the students off their hands for a few lessons a week to allow them to plan classes, but the specialist PE teacher has experience in their particular field meaning their lessons will be more effective and can cater for all students. Also by having a specialised PE teacher the students are more likely to listen and pay attention because they will be outside with someone other than their normal teacher who is with them all day every other day. In other words it would be like their is a guest at the school that teaches all the fun things.

34. Rebecca - April 17, 2012

This article raises great points that will hopefully call for change on the importance of PDHPE in our public school systems. It’s upsetting to think that some children will lack in knowledge and/or experience regarding physical education because of financial constraints. Although teachers are under pressure to meet the national curriculum, PDHPE should not be overlooked, yes literacy and numeracy are essential is fueling and developing children’s minds, however a healthy mind is just as important as a healthy body!!! This should be highlighted and demonstrated to all children. The greater awareness children are given and the fun ways it can be taught could lead to children changing their habits in the home i.e. from play stations to outdoor play. As educators (who haven’t had formal PE training) we should have a passion for all that we teach, all it could take is a little research for teachers to feel a little confident in teaching PE, who knows if it seems less overwhelming it may not be pushed aside so often.

35. Bornface. Besa - March 31, 2015

Christine thank you for raising this critical issue , Am a student teacher,doing my primary Diploma at Nkana college of Education. just to hit the nail on my head,this research has made to feel great and cool! On you page” zambia”

36. Brian Mwanza - February 3, 2016

Why do you think Physical Education has been Included in the curriculum for Zambian School?What Long term effect might Physical Education have on a Country Such as Zambia?

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